Pilonidal Sinus

What are Pilonidal Sinus(गांठ)?

A pilonidal sinus(मवाद वाली गांठ) is a condition that involves the development of a small tunnel or channel beneath the skin, usually in the crease between the buttocks near the tailbone. This condition can lead to discomfort, pain, and infection. Let’s explore more about pilonidal sinuses, including their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Types of Pilonidal Sinus(गांठ के प्रकार)

  • Simple Pilonidal Sinus (सरल गांठ): Simple pilonidal sinuses are relatively straightforward and involve the formation of a small cavity or pit beneath the skin. They may or may not cause symptoms initially.

  • Complex Pilonidal Sinus (जटिल गांठ): Complex pilonidal sinuses are characterised by the presence of multiple sinus tracts, abscesses, or interconnected cavities. These are often more challenging to treat and can be associated with recurrent infections.

Causes of Pilonidal Sinus(गांठ के कारण)

Several factors contribute to the development of pilonidal sinus:

  • Hair Follicles: Hair follicles becoming ingrown or trapped in the skin can lead to infection.

  • Friction and Pressure: Prolonged sitting, tight clothing, and friction in the buttocks area can contribute to the development of sinus tracts.

  • Obesity: Excess body weight can increase the risk due to increased skin folds and friction.

  • Genetics: Family history of pilonidal sinuses can predispose individuals to the condition.

  • Poor Hygiene: Lack of proper hygiene can lead to accumulation of debris and bacteria in the affected area.

  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and prolonged sitting can contribute to the development of pilonidal sinuses.

  • Genetics: There may be a genetic predisposition to developing pilonidal sinuses.

It’s very important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a pilonidal sinus or if you experience any symptoms like pain, swelling, redness, or drainage in the affected area.

What are signs & symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus (गांठ के लक्षण)

The symptoms of pilonidal sinus can vary based on the type and severity:

  • Pain or discomfort in the lower back, near the buttocks, or in the anal area.
  • Redness, swelling, and tenderness around the sinus or abscess.
  • Drainage of pus or blood from the sinus or opening.
  • Itching and irritation in the affected area.
  • Formation of a visible pit or opening with hair protruding from it.

Complications of Pilonidal sinus (गांठ से संबंधित जटिलताएँ)

 If left untreated or inadequately managed, pilonidal sinuses can lead to complications:

  • Abscess Formation: Pilonidal sinuses can become infected and form painful abscesses.
  • Chronic Infections: Recurrent infections can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.
  • Fistula in ano: Pilonidal sinuses can create abnormal connections between the sinus and nearby structures.
  • Cellulitis: The infection can spread to the surrounding skin, causing redness and inflammation.

Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus(गांठ का ईलाज)

Treatment options for pilonidal sinuses vary depending on the severity of the condition. Mild cases may respond to at-home treatments such as warm compresses, good hygiene practices, and keeping the area clean and dry and other prevention methods.

However, if the severity is high then you should consult a specialist. Piles care Centre and hospital in Jalandhar use a traditional system of medicine, offering several non-surgical treatment options for pilonidal sinus. It’s important to note that these treatments should be discussed with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner and used under their guidance.

What They Say


Kulwant SIngh Sultanpur Lodhi

I am from Sultanpur Lodhi. My age is 64years. I treated twice from different hospitals in Sultanpur in 2021 but occurred again. Then I treated from Piles Care Centre on some relative's advice. Now I am fine.

Gurpreet SIngh Batala

I live in Ghuman, Batala. My father treated for Fistula in ano from Piles care Centre in 2002. I also treated here in 2013. Now, we all are healthy and good.

Rajbali Yadhav Ludhiana

Came from Guru Ram Das Nagar, Ludhiana for treatment of Fistula of my wife. She is 45 years old.